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Phys Med Biol., 1998; 43(8): 2279-94, PMID: 9725604

Clinical evaluation of a high-resolution new peripheral quantitative computerized tomography (pQCT) scanner for the bone densitometry at the lower limbs

Jahr: 1998

Braun MJ, Meta MD, Schneider P, Reiners C
Clinic of Nuclear Medicine, University of Wuerzburg, Germany.

Abstract

Precision, long-term stability, linearity and accuracy of the x-ray peripheral quantitative computerized tomographic (pQCT) bone scanner XCT 3000 (Norland-Stratec Medical Sys.) were evaluated using the European Forearm Phantom (EFP). In vivo measurements were assessed using a standardized procedure at the distal femur and the distal tibia. In the patient-scan mode, the spatial resolution of the system was 1.04 +/- 0.05 lp/mm as measured at the 10% level of the modulation transfer function (MTF). The contrast-detail diagram (CDD) yielded a minimal difference in attenuation coefficient (AC) of 0.07 cm(-1) at an object size of 0.5 mm. The effective dose for humans was calculated to be less than 1.5 microSv per scan. Short-term precision in vivo was expressed as root mean square standard deviation of paired measurements of 20 healthy volunteers (RMSSD = 0.5%). At the distal femur total volumetric density (ToD) and total cross-sectional area (ToA) were found to be less sensitive to positioning errors than at the distal tibia. Structural parameters like the polar cross-sectional moment of inertia (CSMIp) or the polar cross-sectional moment of resistance (CSMRp) showed a good short-term precision at the distal femur (RMSSD = 1.2 and 1.4%). The relation between the two skeletal sites with respect to CSMIp or CSMRp showed a high coefficient of determination (r2 = 0.77 and 0.74).

GID: 1006; Letzte Änderung: 29.01.2008