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Bone., 1999; 25(1): 69-73, PMID: 10423024

Age at menarche and cortical bone geometry in premenopausal women

Jahr: 1999

Rauch F, Klein K, Allolio B, Schönau E
Children"s Hospital, University of Cologne, Germany. frauch@shriners.mcgill.ca

Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that the timing of puberty might have an impact on the adult skeleton. What composite of bone structure could be affected by the timing of puberty is unknown at present. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between age at menarche and bone cortex geometry at the distal radius. Using peripheral quantitative computed tomography, we determined total area of the radial cross section, cortical bone area, periosteal cortical perimeter, endosteal cortical perimeter, and cortical width in 169 healthy premenopausal women aged 40-45 years. When stratified according to age at menarche (early, <12 years In = 22]; intermediate, 12-14 years [n = 118]; late, >14 years [n = 29]), only endosteal cortical perimeter varied significantly between the groups (p = 0.02, by analysis of variance), the mean value being 10% higher in the late compared to the early menarche group. However, weight and body mass index also exhibited significant variations between groups. After adjustment for weight the differences in endosteal cortical perimeter remained significant (p = 0.03). In multiple regression analysis, endosteal cortical perimeter was the only parameter of cortex geometry, which was independently associated with age at menarche. In a model including height and weight, age at menarche explained about 2% of the variability in endosteal cortical perimeter (p = 0.04). These data suggest that the bone marrow cavity of the distal radius may be slightly larger when puberty occurs later. Whether this marginal effect influences fracture risk in later life appears questionable.

GID: 1013; Letzte Änderung: 29.01.2008