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Bone., 2001; 28(1): 133-9, PMID: 11165955

Predictive value of bone mineral density and morphology determined by peripheral quantitative computed tomography for cancellous bone strength of the proximal femur

Jahr: 2001

Wachter NJ, Augat P, Mentzel M, Sarkar MR, Krischak GD, Kinzl L, Claes LE
Department of Traumatology, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany. peter.augat@medizin.uni-ulm.de

Abstract

Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) is an established diagnostic method for assessment of bone mineral density in the diagnosis of osteoporosis. However, the capacity of structural parameters of cancellous bone measured by high-resolution computed tomography remains to be explored. In 33 patients, bone mineral density (BMD) of the proximal femur was measured in vitro by pQCT using cylindrical biopsies from the intertrochanteric region harvested before the implantation of an artificial hip joint. By digital image analysis of CT scans, parameters derived from histomorphometry describing the microarchitecture of cancellous bone were measured. The biopsies were also loaded to failure by an uniaxial compression test to determine the biomechanical parameters, Young"s modulus, strength, and maximum energy absorption (E(max)). Strong correlations were found for BMD vs. mechanical parameters (r = 0.73 for Young"s modulus, r = 0.82 for strength, and r = 0.79 for E(max); p < 0.001, n = 29). The morphological parameters, bone volume per trabecular volume (BV/TV), apparent trabecular thickness (app.Tb.Th), apparent trabecular separation (app.Tb.Sp), and trabecular number (Tb.N), correlated significantly with all mechanical parameters. The combination of morphological parameters with BMD in a multivariate regression model led to an overall, but only moderate, increase in R(2) in all cases. Our data confirm the high predictive value of BMD for the mechanical competence of cancellous bone of the intertrochanteric region. However, quantification of cancellous bone structure by image analysis of CT scans may provide additional qualitative information for the analysis of bone strength.

GID: 1033; Letzte Änderung: 29.01.2008