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Osteoporos Int., 2000; 11(1): 36-42, PMID: 10663357

Estimation of the architectural properties of cortical bone using peripheral quantitative computed tomography

Jahr: 2000

Hasegawa Y, Schneider P, Reiners C, Kushida K, Yamazaki K, Hasegawa K, Nagano A
Clinic for Nuclear Medicine, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.


We assessed the volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and cross-sectional architecture of cortical bone at the distal radius by peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT). The volumetric bone mineral density [integral bone mineral density (BMDi), trabecular bone mineral density (BMDt) and cortical with subcortical bone mineral density (BMDsc)] and the architectural parameters [cortical bone area (CBA), cortical thickness (C-th), moment of inertia (Im) and polar moment of inertia (Ip)] were measured in 115 healthy premenopausal women, 48 osteoporotic postmenopausal women and 78 age-matched healthy postmenopausal women. Age-matched healthy women had higher values of vBMD and architectural parameters at the distal radius than osteoporotic women. Premenopausal women had higher values of vBMD and architectural parameters at the distal radius than postmenopausal women. The differences in the architectural parameters between age-matched healthy women and osteoporotic women were more pronounced when only the high density area (threshold 0.70 cm(-1)) was included. However, the differences in architectural parameters between premenopausal women and postmenopausal women were significant using even the lowest threshold value of 0.50 cm(-1) in the calculation. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed and the areas under the curves calculated to evaluate the discriminating power of vBMD and architectural parameters. Comparison of the different ROC curves showed no statistical significance. In conclusion, our results suggest that both the density and mass distribution of the radius were clearly different between the healthy women and osteoporotic women. The differences in architectural parameters were more useful for studying the pathophysiology of osteoporosis than for contributing to the diagnosis. Determination of the cross-sectional mass distribution of bone combined with BMD should offer more information than BMD alone in the study of the pathophysiology of osteoporosis.

GID: 1045; Letzte Änderung: 29.01.2008