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Bone., 2007; 41(5): 860-8, PMID: 17884746

Chemical mutagenesis induced two high bone density mouse mutants map to a concordant distal chromosome 4 locus

Jahr: 2007

Mohan S, Chest V, Chadwick RB, Wergedal JE, Srivastava AK
Musculoskeletal Disease Center (151), Loma Linda VA Healthcare Systems, Loma Linda, CA 92357, USA.

Abstract

Phenotype-driven mutagenesis approach in the mouse holds much promise as a method for revealing gene function. Earlier, we have described an N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) mutagenesis screen to create genome-wide dominant mutations in the mouse model. Using this approach, we describe identification of two high bone density mutants in C57BL/6J (B6) background. The mutants, named as 12184 and 12137, have been bred more than five generations with wild-type B6 mice, each producing >200 backcross progeny. The average total body areal bone mineral density (aBMD) was 13-17% higher in backcrossed progeny from both mutant lines between 6 and 10 weeks of age, as compared to wild-type (WT) B6 mice (n=60-107). At 3 weeks of age the aBMD of mutant progeny was not significantly affected as compared to WT B6 mice. Data from 10- and 16-week old progeny show that increased aBMD was mainly related to a 14-20% higher bone mineral content, whereas bone size was marginally increased. In addition, the average volumetric BMD (vBMD) was 5-15% higher at the midshaft tibia or femur, as compared to WT mice. Histomorphometric analysis revealed that bone resorption was 23-34% reduced in both mutant mice. Consistent with histomorphometry data, the mRNA expression of genes that regulate osteoclast differentiation and survival were altered in the 12137 mutant mice. To determine the chromosomal location of the ENU mutation, we intercrossed both mutant lines with C3H/HeJ (C3H) mice to generate B6C3H F2 mice (n=164 for line 12137 and n=137 F2 for line 12184). Interval mapping using 60 microsatellite markers and aBMD phenotype revealed only one significant or suggestive linkage on chromosome 4. Since body weight was significantly higher in mutant lines, we also used body weight as additive and interactive covariate for interval mapping; both analyses showed higher LOD scores for both 12137 and 12184 mutants without affecting the chromosomal location. The large phenotype in the mutant mice compared to generally observed QTL effects (<5%) would increase the probability of identifying the mutant gene.

GID: 1073; Letzte Änderung: 01.02.2008