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Radiol Med (Torino)., 2002; 103(3): 233-41, PMID: 11976620

Peripheral quantitative Computed Tomography (PQCT) in the evaluation of bone geometry, biomechanics and mineral density in postmenopausal women

Jahr: 2002

Di Leo C, Tarolo GL, Bagni B, Bestetti A, Tagliabue L, Pietrogrande L, Pepe L
Servizio di Medicina Nucleare, Cattedra e Scuola di Specializzazione in Medicina Nucleare, Università degli Studi, Modena, Italy.


AIM: Non-invasive assessment of bone geometry, biomechanics, and mineral content in postmenopausal women by peripheral quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Total, trabecular and cortical mineral density (totBMD, cortBMD, trabBMD), and the geometrical (total area, trabecular area, cortical area) and biomechanical properties of bone (strength-strain index, cortical thickness) were assessed in 93 consecutive post-menopausal women (mean age: 63+/-7 yrs; age at menopause: 49+/-6 yrs; years since menopause: 14+/-9 yrs) by pQCT at the ultradistal radius of non-dominant forearm. RESULTS: Compared with 50 healthy women at peak of bone mass, volumetric total, trabecular and cortical bone densities were significantly reduced in postmenopausal subjects (TotBMD: 318+/-106 mg/cm3 vs ctr 442+/-100, -28%, p<0.001; TrabBMD: 117+/-59 mg/cm3 vs ctr: 203+/-47, -42%, p<0.001; CorBMD: 764+/-159 mg/cm3 vs 921+/-111, -17%, p<0.001). The bone loss was greater in trabecular bone. Cortical area (0.7+/-0,1 cm2 vs ctr: 0.8+/-0.1, -12.5%, p<0.001), cortical thickness (0.151+/-0.02 cm vs ctr: 0.169+/-0.03, -11%, p<0.001), and strength-strain index (686+/-207 mm3 vs ctr: 883+/-165, -22%, p<0.001) were significantly lower in post-menopausal women in comparison with the controls. Years since menopause and age showed a significant negative correlation with bone mineral densities and biomechanical parameters. CONCLUSIONS: In post-menopausal women pQCT showed: 1) osteopoenia in all bone compartments, greater at the trabecular level, related to age and years since menopause; 2) reduced cortical density and cortical thickness, consistent with a reduced ability of bone to absorb loading forces; 3) reduced strength-strain index, indicative of inability to adapt to mechanical use and augmented risk for fracture. We conclude that pQCT is a valuable tool for measuring the true volumetric mineral density and the geometrical and biomechanical indexes of bone, which could be proposed in current clinical practice for the assessment of osteoporosis.

GID: 1095; Letzte Änderung: 07.02.2008