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Bone., 2004; 35(5): 1023-8, PMID: 15542026

Three children with lower limb fractures and a mineralization defect: a novel bone fragility disorder

Jahr: 2004

Munns CF, Rauch F, Travers R, Glorieux FH
Genetics Unit, Shriners Hospital for Children, Montréal, Québec, Canada.


In this report, we describe three unrelated children with an apparently novel bone fragility disorder that is associated with an idiopathic mineralization defect. Recurrent lower limb fractures started with weight bearing. The patients had none of the phenotypic, radiological, or histomorphometric features classically associated with known bone fragility disorders such as osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis (IJO), or mild autosomal dominant osteopetrosis. Radiologically, there was increased metaphyseal trabeculation, normal to increased cortical thickness, and no evidence of rickets or osteomalacia. Areal and volumetric bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine did not show any major alteration. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography of the radius showed elevated cortical thickness and total and trabecular volumetric bone mineral density in one patient. Qualitative histology of iliac bone biopsy specimens showed a paucity of the birefringent pattern of normal lamellar bone. Quantitative histomorphometric analysis demonstrated osteomalacia with a prolonged mineralization lag time in the presence of a decreased mineral apposition rate. There was no biochemical evidence of abnormal calcium or phosphate metabolism. Type I collagen mutation analysis was negative. We conclude that this is a bone fragility disorder of moderate severity that tends to cause fractures in the lower extremities and is associated with the accumulation of osteoid due to an intrinsic mineralization defect. The pathogenetic basis for this disorder remains to be elucidated.

GID: 1161; Letzte Änderung: 29.02.2008