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Hemodial Int., 2006; 10(4): 351-5, PMID: 17014510

Evaluation of cortical bone by peripheral quantitative computed tomography in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients

Jahr: 2006

Negri AL, Barone R, Lombas C, Bogado CE, Zanchetta JR
Instituto de Investigaciones Metabólicas, Beunos Aires, Argentina. negri@casasco.com.ar

Abstract

Several studies have suggested an increased prevalence of osteopenia in dialysis. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) is a new technique that allows the noninvasive evaluation of trabecular and cortical bone separately. The aim of the study was: (1) to evaluate cortical bone by pQCT in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients and compare the data with that obtained in healthy controls; and (2) to correlate cortical bone parameters with bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine and femoral neck and total bone mineral content (TBMC). Cortical bone parameters were obtained in 22 CAPD patients and 27 healthy individuals at the distal radius using a Stratec XCT 960 pQCT machine. In the dialysis patients, we also determined BMD and TBMC by bone densitometry. Dialysis patients, compared with controls, showed a significant reduction in volumetric cortical BMD (VcBMD) (p = 0.04) and cortical thickness (cThk) (p < 0.0001) with a significant increase in radial total cross-sectional area (TA) (p = 0.006), endosteal circumference (p < 0.0001), and buckling ratio (p < 0.0001). In CAPD patients, total time on dialysis correlated negatively with radial total BMD (p < 0.01) and VcBMD (p < 0.01). Age correlated positively with TA (p < 0.01), endosteal (p < 0.01), and periosteal circumferences (p < 0.01). Serum intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels correlated positively with endosteal (p = 0.04) and periosteal perimeter (p = 0.01). Total alkaline phosphatase correlated negatively with VcBMD (p < 0.01), and positively with endosteal perimeter (p = 0.02). Total bone mineral content correlated significantly with radial cortical content (p < 0.001), cross-sectional cortical area (cA; p < 0.001), and cThk (p < 0.01) but not with total radial BMD, VcBMD, or buckling ratio. No correlations were found between radial cortical parameters and BMD measured at the lumbar spine or femoral neck. We conclude that dialysis patients show cortical osteopenia with marked cortical thinning partially mediated by PTH action on bone. Total bone mineral content correlated with various radial cortical parameters (content, area, and thickness) but not with others. No correlations were found between cortical bone parameters measured at the peripheral skeleton with areal bone density measured at the axial skeleton. These findings suggest that pQCT may be a new tool in the assessment of bone fragility in dialysis patients.

GID: 1225; Letzte Änderung: 05.03.2008