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J Bone Miner Metab., 2007; 25(1): 74-9, PMID: 17187197

Annual change in bone mineral density in predialysis patients with chronic renal failure: significance of a decrease in serum 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D

Jahr: 2007

Obatake N, Ishimura E, Tsuchida T, Hirowatari K, Naka H, Imanishi Y, Miki T, Inaba M, Nishizawa Y
Department of Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Molecular Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

Bone disease occurs in the predialysis phase of chronic renal failure (CRF). The aim of this study was to examine how a decrease in renal function affects annual bone mineral density (BMD) changes in predialysis CRF patients and to examine the factors that affect BMD. The BMD of the distal radius in 53 predialysis CRF patients (age, 61.3 +/- 10.8 years; serum creatinine 2.7 +/- 1.2 mg/dl) was measured by peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) twice with a 1-year interval. The total BMD of the radius significantly decreased over a year (P < 0.001), and both trabecular and cortical BMD showed a significant decrease. Significant positive correlations with BMD changes were found for estimated creatinine clearance (r = 0.375, P < 0.01) and baseline serum 1,25(OH)(2)D (r = 0.434, P < 0.005), indicating that BMD decreased to a greater extent with larger reductions in creatinine clearance and serum 1,25(OH)(2)D. Of several bone metabolic markers examined, baseline serum osteocalcin was significantly positively correlated with annual BMD changes (r = -0.276, P < 0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that baseline serum 1,25(OH)(2)D (beta = 0.434) was a significant predictor of decreases in total and trabecular BMD (R (2) = 0.188, P < 0.01; and R (2) = 0.207, P < 0.01), independent of other confounding factors. These results indicate that BMD decreases as renal function deteriorates in predialysis CRF patients, and that osteocalcin is a clinically useful marker associated with the decrease in BMD. The serum 1,25(OH)(2)D level is the principal factor affecting BMD of the radius, suggesting that supplementation with an active form of vitamin D is of importance for predialysis CRF patients.

GID: 1262; Letzte Änderung: 06.03.2008