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Bone., 2008; 42(2): 414-21, PMID: 18055287

The skeletal response to estrogen is impaired in female but not in male steroid receptor coactivator (SRC)-1 knock out mice

Jahr: 2008

Mödder UI, Sanyal A, Xu J, O"Malley BW, Spelsberg TC, Khosla S
Endocrine Research Unit, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

Abstract

Estrogen (E) is critical for the maintenance of bone mass in both female and male mice and steroid receptor coactivator (SRC)-1 has been shown to be important for mediating E effects on bone, at least in female mice. In the present study, we defined the skeletal phenotype of male SRC-1 knock out (KO) mice and compared it with their female littermates. Further, to determine the role of SRC-1 in mediating effects of E on bone in male mice, we examined the skeletal effects of gonadectomy (gnx) with or without E replacement in male mice and placed these findings in the context of our previous studies in female SRC-1 KO mice. Analysis of a large group of male (WT, n=67; SRC-1 KO, n=56) and female (WT, n=66; SRC-1 KO, n=70) mice showed a significant decrease in trabecular volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) in SRC-1 KO mice compared to their WT littermates in both genders (male SRC-1 KO, 275+/-3 vs. WT, 295+/-3 mg/cm(3), P<0.001; female SRC-1 KO, 210+/-2 vs. WT, 221+/-2 mg/cm(3), P<0.001). Following gnx and E replacement (10 microg/kg/day), we previously demonstrated that SRC-1 KO female mice have a defect in E action in trabecular, but not in cortical bone. In contrast, we now demonstrate that the same dose of E administered to gnx"d male SRC-1 KO mice was sufficient to prevent trabecular bone loss in these mice. For example, in WT female mice, gnx followed by E replacement maintained spine BMD (1.2+/-3.4% vs. baseline) as compared to gnx without E replacement (-12.7+/-2.6%, P<0.001 vs. sham); this effect of E was absent in SRC-1 KO female mice. By contrast, the identical dose of E was equally effective in maintaining spine BMD in E-treated gnx"d male WT (-5.2+/-5.1% vs. baseline) and male SRC-1 KO (-5.4+/-5.3%) mice, respectively, as compared to gnx"d mice without E treatment (WT, -17.6+/-2.5%, P=0.02; SRC-1 KO, -28.6+/-2.6%, P<0.001 vs. sham). E treatment was effective in suppressing cancellous bone turnover in both gnx"d WT and SRC-1 KO male mice as determined by significant reductions in osteoblast and osteoclast numbers; however, in female mice, E treatment only suppressed bone turnover in WT but not in SRC-1 KO mice. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that loss of SRC-1 results in trabecular osteopenia in male and female mice, but in contrast to female mice, this is not due to any detectable resistance to E action in trabecular bone in male SRC-1 KO mice.

GID: 1385; Letzte Änderung: 22.07.2008