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J Orthop Res., 2008; 26(3): 384-93, PMID: 17960650

Effect of osteoporosis on bone mineral density and fracture repair in a rat femoral fracture model

McCann RM, Colleary G, Geddis C, Clarke SA, Jordan GR, Dickson GR, Marsh D
Queen"s University Belfast, Division of Surgery and Perioperative Care, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Musgrave Park Hospital, Stockman"s Lane, Belfast, Ulster BT9 7JB, United Kingdom. r.mccann@qub.ac.uk

Abstract

Osteoporosis (OP) is one of the most prevalent bone diseases worldwide with bone fracture the major clinical consequence. The effect of OP on fracture repair is disputed and although it might be expected for fracture repair to be delayed in osteoporotic individuals, a definitive answer to this question still eludes us. The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of osteoporosis in a rodent fracture model. OP was induced in 3-month-old rats (n = 53) by ovariectomy (OVX) followed by an externally fixated, mid-diaphyseal femoral osteotomy at 6 months (OVX group). A further 40 animals underwent a fracture at 6 months (control group). Animals were sacrificed at 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks postfracture with outcome measures of histology, biomechanical strength testing, pQCT, relative BMD, and motion detection. OVX animals had significantly lower BMD, slower fracture repair (histologically), reduced stiffness in the fractured femora (8 weeks) and strength in the contralateral femora (6 and 8 weeks), increased body weight, and decreased motion. This study has demonstrated that OVX is associated with decrease in BMD (particularly in trabecular bone) and a reduction in the mechanical properties of intact bone and healing fractures. The histological, biomechanical, and radiological measures of union suggest that OVX delayed fracture healing. Copyright 2007 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Produktgruppen: pQCT Knochendichte & -geometrie
Themen: Diagnostik mit Leonardo & pQCT, Grundlagenforschung
Doc-ID: 1499, 09.09.2008