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J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact., 2010; 10(4): 267-73, PMID: 21116063

Effects of oxidation on the power of chemically skinned rat soleus fibres

Jahr: 2010

Gilliver SF, Jones DA, Rittweger J, Degens H
Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, John Dalton Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M5 1GD, UK.


Oxidation alters calcium sensitivity, and decreases maximum isometric force (Po) and shortening velocity (Vmax) of single muscle fibres. To examine the effect of oxidation on the curvature of the force-velocity relationship, which determines muscle power in addition to Po and Vmax, skinned rat type I fibres were maximally activated at 15°C in a solution with pCa 4.5 and subjected to isotonic contractions before and after 4-min incubation in 50 mM H(2)O(2) (n=10) or normal relaxing solution (n=3). In five oxidised and four control fibres the rate of force redevelopment (ktr), following a rapid release and re-stretch, was measured. This gives a measure of the sum of the rate constants for cross-bridge attachment (f) and detachment (g(1)): (f+g(1)). H(2)O(2) reduced Po, Vmax and ktr by 19%, 21% and 24% respectively (P<0.001), while the shape of the force-velocity relationship was unchanged. Fitting data to the Huxley cross-bridge model suggested that oxidation decreased both the rate constant for cross-bridge attachment (f), and detachment of negatively strained cross-bridges (g(2)), similar to the effect of reduced activation. This suggests that oxidative modification is a possible cause of the variation in contractile properties between muscle fibres of the same type.

GID: 2485; Letzte Änderung: 02.12.2010
Weitere Informationen: Original Article