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J Bone Miner Res., 2004; 19(11): 1827-32, PMID: 15476583

Long-term sensitivity of uterus and hypothalamus/pituitary axis to 17beta-estradiol is higher than that of bone in rats

Jahr: 2004

Erben RG, Brunner KS, Breig B
Institute of Physiology, Physiological Chemistry, and Animal Nutrition, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany. R.Erben@lrz.uni-muenchen.de

Abstract

We examined the long-term sensitivity of uterus and bone to low-dose 17beta-estradiol in a 4-month experiment in OVX rats and found that a dose of estradiol that fully protected against uterine atrophy did not protect against bone loss. Our results suggest higher estrogen sensitivity of the uterus compared with bone. INTRODUCTION: Estrogen is essential for the function of reproductive tissues and for the normal acquisition and maintenance of bone mass in females. This study was designed to examine the long-term sensitivity of the uterus and bone to low-dose estrogen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In preliminary experiments, we determined the lowest subcutaneous dose of 17beta-estradiol able to fully protect against uterine atrophy in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. This dose was found to be 1.5 microg/kg, given five times per week. Subsequently, groups of sham-operated (SHAM) or OVX 6-month-old rats (n = 8 each) were subcutaneously injected with vehicle or 1.5 microg/kg 17beta-estradiol five times per week. All animals were killed 4 months after surgery. Serum osteocalcin and urinary deoxypyridinoline were measured as biochemical markers of bone turnover. Bones were analyzed by bone histomorphometry and pQCT. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Our study clearly showed that a dose of estradiol that restores physiological estradiol serum levels, fully maintains uterine weight in OVX rats at the SHAM control level, and suppresses serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) by 67% relative to OVX vehicle controls does not provide significant protection against OVX-induced bone loss at different cancellous and cortical bone sites. We conclude that the long-term sensitivity of the uterus and the hypothalamus/pituitary axis to 17beta-estradiol is higher than that of bone in rats.

GID: 863; Letzte Änderung: 22.01.2008