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J Orthop Res., 2007; 25(6): 725-31, PMID: 17318894

Reduced cortical bone mass in mice with inactivation of interleukin-4 and interleukin-13

Silfverswärd CJ, Larsson S, Ohlsson C, Frost A, Nilsson O
Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Uppsala, S-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to study the in vivo role of IL-4 and IL-13 on bone metabolism. The skeletal phenotypes of male and female IL-13(-/-) (n = 7+7), IL-4(-/-)IL-13(-/-) (n = 7+7), and WT (n = 7+7) mice were compared. Analysis was made at 6 weeks of age (juvenile) by pQCT, and at 20 weeks of age (adult) by pQCT, biomechanical testing, and by S-IGF-1 and S-Osteocalcin measurements. The skeletal phenotype was affected only in adult male IL-4(-/-)IL-13(-/-) mice. These animals displayed a reduction in cortical bone mineral content (BMC) of both the tibia and the femur, as measured by mid-diaphyseal pQCT scans, compared with WT mice (tibia -8.2%; femur -8.5%; p < 0.01). This reduction in cortical BMC was due to a decreased cross-sectional area as a result of a reduced cortical thickness. The mechanical strength of the cortical bone, tested by three-point-bending at the mid-diaphyseal region of the femurs, demonstrated a significant reduction of displacement at failure (-11.4%), maximal load at failure (-10.6%), and total energy until failure (-29.4%). S-IGF-1 and S-Osteocalcin levels as well as trabecular bone mineral density (tvBMD) were unaffected in adult male IL-4(-/-)IL-13(-/-) mice. IL-4(-/-)IL-13(-/-) male mice show adult onset reduction of cortical bone mass and strength, indicating that the two anti-inflammatory Th(2) cytokines IL-4 and IL-13 are involved in the regulation of bone remodeling. (c) 2007 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Produktgruppen: pQCT Knochendichte & -geometrie
Themen: Diagnostik mit Leonardo & pQCT, Grundlagenforschung
Doc-ID: 971, 24.01.2008