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Osteoporos Int., 1995; 5(6): 446-9, PMID: 8695966

Cortical thickness assessed by peripheral quantitative computed tomography: accuracy evaluated on radius specimens

Jahr: 1995

Louis O, Willnecker J, Soykens S, Van den Winkel P, Osteaux M
Radiology Department, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) in measuring the thickness of the radial cortex. Thirty left forearm specimens were scanned on an XCT 960 Stratec pQCT device using a 2.5 mm thick slice at the junction of the middle and the distal third of the radius. Cortical and trabecular areas were assessed using a threshold procedure; cortical thickness was subsequently calculated assuming a circular ring model for the radius. Cortical thickness was also measured on the true shape of bone using an iterative contour detection procedure. Subsequently 2.5 mm thick resin-embedded cylindrical radial specimens, matched with the site of pQCT examination, were obtained and contact radiographs were performed. After tenfold magnification, the cortical and trabecular areas of the specimens were measured using computerized planimetry and cortical thickness was calculated assuming a circular ring model. The cortical thickness could be assessed by pQCT in all cases using the threshold algorithm (mean (SD) 2.51 (0.58) mm) and in 21 cases could be directly measured on the true shape of bone (2.62 (0.32) mm). The cortical thickness of the specimens showed good correlation and high proportionality with that measured using pQCT with either the threshold algorithm (r = 0.941, slope = 0.976) or the iterative contour detection procedure (r = 0.883, slope = 0.987). In conclusion, pQCT is able to assess the thickness of the radial cortex, at the junction of the middle and the distal third, with high accuracy.

GID: 980; Letzte Änderung: 24.01.2008