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Neue Einträge zum Themenbereich Muskel & Knochen

Hier finden Sie alle neuen Literatur-Einträge rund um den Themenbereich Muskel & Knochen, sortiert nach Erscheinungsdatum.

Neue Einträge

Wissenschaftliche Studien (2011)

Obesity alters cortical and trabecular bone density and geometry in women.

UNLABELLED: The goal in this study was to determine the relationship between body mass index and trabecular and cortical bone using quantitative computed tomography. A higher body mass index (BMI) was positivel weiter...

Verfasser: Sukumar D, Schlussel Y, Riedt CS, Gordon C, Stahl T, Shapses SA
Quelle: Osteoporos Int, 2011; 22(2): 635-45, PMID: 20533027
GID: 4649; Last update: 21.03.2018

Wissenschaftliche Studien (2018)

SNPs in the vicinity of P2X7R, RANK/RANKL/OPG and Wnt signalling pathways and their association with bone phenotypes in academy footballers.

CONTEXT: Genotype plays an important role in influencing bone phenotypes, such as bone mineral density, but the role of genotype in determining responses of bone to exercise has yet to be elucidated. OBJECTIVE: weiter...

Verfasser: Varley I, Hughes DC, Greeves JP, Fraser WD, Sale C
Quelle: Bone, 2018; 108(): 179-185, PMID: 29325759
GID: 4650; Last update: 21.03.2018

Wissenschaftliche Studien (2018)

Low free 25-hydroxyvitamin D and high vitamin D binding protein and parathyroid hormone in obese Caucasians. A complex association with bone?

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown altered vitamin D metabolism in obesity. We assessed differences between obese and normal-weight subjects in total, free, and bioavailable 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D, 25(OH)DFre weiter...

Verfasser: Saarnio E, Pekkinen M, Itkonen ST, Kemi V, Karp H, Ivaska KK, Risteli J, Koivula MK, Karkkainen M, Makitie O, Sievanen H, Lamberg-Allardt C
Quelle: PLoS One, 2018; 13(2): e0192596, PMID: 29489840
GID: 4647; Last update: 19.03.2018

Wissenschaftliche Studien (2017)

Longitudinal effects of swimming on bone in adolescents: a pQCT and DXA study.

The aims of the present study were, firstly, to evaluate areal bone mineral density (aBMD), bone strength and structure during a swimming season and compare them to those of normo-active controls (CG), and sec weiter...

Verfasser: Gomez-Bruton A, Gonzalez-Aguero A, Matute-Llorente A, Gomez-Cabello A, Casajus JA, Vicente-Rodriguez G
Quelle: Biol Sport, 2017; 34(4): 361-370, PMID: 29472739
GID: 4648; Last update: 19.03.2018

Wissenschaftliche Studien (0)

Sarcopenia is negatively related to high gravitational impacts achieved from day-to-day physical activity.

Background: Sarcopenia has been associated with reduced physical activity (PA). We aimed to determine if sarcopenia, and specific components of muscle size, function and physical performance, are associated wit weiter...

Verfasser: Hartley A, Gregson CL, Hannam K, Deere KC, Clark EM, Tobias JH
Quelle: J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, (): , PMID: 29182712
Schlagworte: Muscle function, Physical capability, Accelerometer, G-force, COSHIBA
GID: 4631; Last update: 27.02.2018

Wissenschaftliche Studien (2017)

Longitudinal effects of swimming on bone in adolescents: a pQCT and DXA study

The aims of the present study were, firstly, to evaluate areal bone mineral density (aBMD), bone strength and structure during a swimming season and compare them to those of normo-active controls (CG), and seco weiter...

Verfasser: Alejandro Gomez-Bruton, Alejandro Gonzalez-Aguero, Angel Matute- Llorente, Alba Gomez-Cabello, Jose A. Casajus, German Vicente-Rodríguez
Quelle: Biol. Sport, 2017; 34:: 361-370
GID: 4635; Last update: 27.02.2018

Grundlagenstudien (0)

Cortical bone loss due to skeletal unloading in aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 gene knockout mice is associated with decreased PTH receptor expression in osteocytes.

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is the enzyme that degrades and detoxifies the acetaldehyde produced by alcohol metabolism. In our previous study, we found that compared with wild-type mice (WT), climbing exer weiter...

Verfasser: Tajima T, Menuki K, Okuma KF, Tsukamoto M, Fukuda H, Okada Y, Kosugi K, Yamanaka Y, Uchida S, Sakai A
Quelle: Bone, (): , PMID: 29482068
GID: 4632; Last update: 27.02.2018

Wissenschaftliche Studien (2018)

Sex-, ethnic- and age-specific centile curves for pQCT- and HR-pQCT-derived measures of bone structure and strength in adolescents and young adults.

There are presently no adolescent centile curves for bone parameters at the tibial midshaft using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) or at the distal radius and tibia using high-resolution pQCT weiter...

Verfasser: Gabel L, Nettlefold LA, Macdonald HM, McKay HA
Quelle: J Bone Miner Res, 2018; (): , PMID: 29394462
Schlagworte: YOUTH; HIGH-RESOLUTION PERIPHERAL QUANTITATIVE COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY; PERCENTILES; GROWTH; BONE
GID: 4634; Last update: 27.02.2018

Wissenschaftliche Studien (2018)

Longitudinal Growth and pQCT Measures in Hutterite Children and Grandchildren Are Associated With Prevalence of Hip or Knee Replacement Resulting From Osteoarthritis in Parents and Grandparents.

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the leading causes of disability in the world. Several genes are associated with the development of OA, and previous studies have shown adult children of individuals wi weiter...

Verfasser: Weidauer L, Beare T, Binkley T, Minett M, Specker B
Quelle: Clin Orthop Relat Res, 2018; (): , PMID: 29432264
GID: 4628; Last update: 19.02.2018

Wissenschaftliche Studien (2018)

The strength of weight-bearing bones is similar in amenorrheic and eumenorrheic elite long-distance runners.

BACKGROUND: Regular intense endurance exercise can lead to amenorrhea with possible adverse consequences for bone health. OBJECTIVE: We compared whole-body and regional bone strength and skeletal muscle charac weiter...

Verfasser: Piasecki J, Ireland A, Piasecki M, Cameron J, S McPhee J, Degens H
Quelle: Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2018; (): , PMID: 29380429
GID: 4622; Last update: 05.02.2018

Wissenschaftliche Studien (0)

Peripheral quantitative computed tomography detects differences at the radius in prepubertal children with cystic fibrosis compared to healthy controls.

INTRODUCTION: In 2015, 11.9% of people with cystic fibrosis (CF) in the United States had osteopenia, 5.1% osteoporosis, and 0.3% experienced a fracture. Screening for CF-related bone disease starts in childhoo weiter...

Verfasser: O"Brien CE, Com G, Fowlkes J, Tang X, James LP
Quelle: PLoS One, 13(1): e0191013, PMID: 29324908
GID: 4614; Last update: 22.01.2018

Wissenschaftliche Studien (2018)

The preventive effect of sensorimotor- and vibration exercises on the onset of Oxaliplatin- or vinca-alkaloid induced peripheral neuropathies - STOP.

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common and clinically relevant side effect of chemotherapy. Approximately 50% of all leukemia, lymphoma, colorectal- and breast cancer patients weiter...

Verfasser: Streckmann F, Balke M, Lehmann HC, Rustler V, Koliamitra C, Elter T, Hallek M, Leitzmann M, Steinmetz T, Heinen P, Baumann FT, Bloch W
Quelle: BMC Cancer, 2018; 18(1): 62, PMID: 29316888
Schlagworte: Chemotherapy, Neuropathy
GID: 4580; Last update: 14.01.2018
Weitere Informationen: Original Article

Wissenschaftliche Studien (2017)

ERS International Congress 2017: a peek of outstanding abstracts from the clinical assembly.

This review highlights a selection of abstracts from the 2017 ERS International Congress in Milan presented by the clinical assembly"s groups of interventional pulmonology, general practice and primary care and weiter...

Verfasser: Kahn N, Andrianopoulos V, Mekov E, Herth FJF
Quelle: J Thorac Dis, 2017; 9(Suppl 16): 1526-1531, PMID: 29255633
Schlagworte: COPD
GID: 4583; Last update: 14.01.2018
Weitere Informationen: Original Article

Wissenschaftliche Studien (2017)

Efficacy and safety of whole body vibration in maintenance hemodialysis patients - A pilot study.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess safety and effectiveness of Whole Body Vibration exercise (WBV) to improve physical performance and parameters of inflammation in patients on maintenance hemodial weiter...

Verfasser: Seefried L, Genest F, Luksche N, Schneider M, Fazeli G, Brandl M, Bahner U, A Heidland A
Quelle: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact, 2017; 17(4): 268-274, PMID: 29199185
Schlagworte: hemodialysis
GID: 4587; Last update: 14.01.2018
Weitere Informationen: Original Article

Wissenschaftliche Studien (2017)

WHOLE-BODY VIBRATION EXERCISE IS WELL TOLERATED IN PATIENTS WITH DUCHENNE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW.

BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is caused by a defective gene located on the X-chromosome, responsible for the production of the dystrophin protein. Complications in the musculoskeletal system hav weiter...

Verfasser: Moreira-Marconi E, Sa-Caputo DC, Dionello CF, Guedes-Aguiar EO, Sousa-Goncalves CR, Morel DS, Paineiras-Domingos LL, Souza PL, Kutter CR, Costa-Cavalcanti RG, Costa G, Paiva PC, Figueiredo C, Brandao-Sobrinho-Neto S, Stark C, Unger M, Bernardo-Filho M
Quelle: Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med, 2017; 14(4 Suppl): 2-10, PMID: 28740938
Schlagworte: Metaanalysis, Duchenne Msucel Dystrophy (DMD)
GID: 4601; Last update: 14.01.2018
Weitere Informationen: Original Article