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Phytomedicine., 2004; 11(5): 392-403, PMID: 15330494

Belamcanda chinensis and the thereof purified tectorigenin have selective estrogen receptor modulator activities

Jahr: 2004

Seidlová-Wuttke D, Hesse O, Jarry H, Rimoldi G, Thelen P, Christoffel V, Wuttke W
Department of Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology, University of Goettingen, Robert-Koch-Strasse 40, D-37075 Goettingen, Germany.


Belamcanda chinensis (BC) belongs to the family of iridaceae and the isoflavone tectorigenin has been isolated from the rhizome of this plant. Whether this isoflavone has estrogenic, possibly selective estrogen receptor modulator activities and if so, whether they are mediated via the estrogen receptor alpha or beta is unknown at present. Therefore, we performed binding studies with recombinant human ERalpha and ERbeta to show that tectorigenin binds to both receptor subtypes. In ERalpha-expressing MCF7 and ERbeta-expressing MDA-MB231 reporter gene transfected cells tectorigenin causes transactivation. When given intravenously to ovariectomized (ovx) rats, it inhibits pulsatile pituitary LH secretion. In postmenopausal women estrogen-unopposed LH pulses correlate with hot flushes. Therefore, suppression of pulsatile LH secretion may be beneficial in women suffering from hot flushes. Upon chronic application to ovx rats a BC extract containing 5% Belamcanda at a daily dose of 33 mg or 130 mg of the extract had no effect on uterine weight or on estrogen-regulated uterine gene expression while estrogenic effects in the bone, on bone mineral density of the metaphysis of the tibia could be established. Hence, tectorigenin may have antiosteoporotic effects also in postmenopausal women. Immunohistochemical staining of proliferating cell nuclear antigen--a proliferation marker--in the mammary gland did not indicate a mammotrophic effect of the tectorigenin-containing BC extract at both tested doses. In summary, tectorigenin or the B. chinensis extract containing tectorigenin had a strong hypothalamotropic and osteotropic effect but no effect in the uterus or the mammary gland. Therefore, tectorigenin may be in the future a clinically useful selective estrogen receptor modulator.

GID: 868; Letzte Änderung: 22.01.2008