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Bone., 2004; 35(4): 870-80, PMID: 15454094

Histochemical evaluation for the biological effect of menatetrenone on metaphyseal trabeculae of ovariectomized rats

Jahr: 2004

Asawa Y, Amizuka N, Hara K, Kobayashi M, Aita M, Li M, Kenmotsu S, Oda K, Akiyama Y, Ozawa H
Division of Anatomy and Cell Biology of the Hard Tissue, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan.


To evaluate the biological effects of vitamin K2 (menatetrenone, MK-4) on ovariectomy (OVX)-induced bone loss, we have examined histological alterations of femoral metaphyses of sham-operated (sham group), ovariectomized (OVX group), and MK-4 dietary-supplemented OVX (MK-4 group; 50 mg/kg per day) female Fischer rats 1, 2, 5, and 8 weeks after OVX. In the first week, rats of the OVX and MK-4 groups showed discontinuous trabeculae compared with sham-operated rats. At 2 weeks after OVX, the OVX rats revealed many large tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive osteoclasts, while osteoclasts in the MK-4-treated rats were similar in size to those of the sham group. At 5 weeks, the OVX and MK-4 groups revealed fragmented trabeculae in femoral metaphyses. The cartilage matrix was partially exposed due to stimulated bone resorption in the OVX group, but not in the MK-4 group. After 8 weeks, the OVX rats had little metaphyseal trabeculae, whereas the MK-4-treated rats had maintained short trabeculae. Despite the presence of intense alkaline phosphatase-positive osteoblasts on trabeculae in the MK-4 group, TRAP-positive osteoclasts were flattened without developing ruffled borders. Therefore, MK-4 appeared to lessen the increase in osteoclastic bone resorption induced by OVX, as well as to maintain the accelerated osteoblastic activity. It is of importance to identify the target cells for MK-4 in bone. Autoradiography localized [3H]-labeled MK-4 mainly in osteoblasts and adjacent bone matrices, but not in osteoclasts, indicating that MK-4 targets osteoblasts. Thus, MK-4 appears to target osteoblasts, consequently inhibiting bone loss induced by ovariectomy.

GID: 870; Letzte Änderung: 22.01.2008