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J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact, 2019; 19(2): 159-168, PMID: 31186386

Changes in motor unit activity and respiratory oxygen uptake during 6 weeks of progressive whole-body vibration combined with progressive, high intensity resistance training.

Year: 2019

Rosenberger A, Beijer A, Schoenau E, Mester J, Rittweger J, Zange J
Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that the additional activation of motor units (MU) and the elevation of metabolic energy turnover resulting from whole-body vibration (WBV) superimposed to high intensity resistance training on a smith machine persist after 6 weeks of training with progressively increasing loads and vibration frequencies. METHODS: Two groups of healthy male subjects performed either 6 weeks of Resistive Vibration Exercise (RVE, squats and heel raises with WBV, n=13) or Resistive Exercise (RE using the same protocol, n=13). During the first (pre) and the last training session (post), we determined the oxygen uptake changes normalized to total training weight (V"O2/ttw) and the normalized MU activity from rectus femoris (squats) and gastrocnemius lateralis (heel raise) muscles filtered for vibration frequencies and harmonics (EMG/ttw). RESULTS: At pre measurement, RVE induced higher EMG/ttw (squats) than RE alone (group effect, P=0.006). At post measurement, EMG/ttw was reduced (time effects between P=0.087 and P<0.001 for both groups and exercises). At pre and post measurement, V"O2/ttw was higher during RVE than during RE (group effects between P=0.005 and P=0.099 for both exercises). CONCLUSIONS: RVE permanently elevated metabolic energy turnover, although the initially observed additional MU activity by RVE could not be preserved in the working musculature.

GID: 4921; Last update: 17.06.2019