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J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact, 2015; 15(1): 23-31, PMID: 25730649

Effects of whole-body vibration on acute bone turnover marker responses to resistance exercise in young men.

Year: 2015

Bemben DA, Sharma-Ghimire P, Chen Z, Kim E, Kim D, Bemben MG
Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA.


OBJECTIVE: We investigated acute bone turnover marker (BTM) responses to high-intensity resistance exercise with and without whole-body vibration (WBV) in young men (n=10). METHODS: In this randomized crossover study, subjects performed 2 protocols separated by 2-week wash out periods: 1) resistance exercise only (RE) (3 sets 10 repetitions 80% 1RM for 9 exercises); and 2) WBV + RE (side-alternating vibration platform 5 intermittent, 1-minute bouts 20 Hz, 3.38 mm peak-to-peak displacement followed by RE). Fasting morning blood draws were taken before RE or WBV (PRE), immediately post RE (IP), and 30 minutes post RE (30P). WBV + RE also had a blood draw after the WBV exposure (POST WBV). Blood samples were analyzed for lactate, hematocrit, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (Bone ALP, U/L), C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX-I, ng/mL) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRAP5b, U/L). RESULTS: Lactate, hematocrit, and Bone ALP significantly increased (p<0.05) IP for both protocols. Bone resorption markers did not change during RE only. CTX-I significantly decreased POST WBV. TRAP5b increased POST WBV, then significantly decreased at 30P. CONCLUSIONS: Generally, BTM changes to RE only were not significant when adjusted for hemoconcentration. The WBV stimulus altered bone resorption marker but not bone formation marker responses.

Keywords: Vibration Exercise, Bone Resorption, Bone Formation, Resistance Exercise, Men
GID: 3838; Last update: 08.04.2015
More information: Original Article