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J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2013; 98(5): 1930-8, PMID: 23547048

Mineral metabolism and cortical volumetric bone mineral density in childhood chronic kidney disease.

Year: 2013

Denburg MR, Tsampalieros AK, de Boer IH, Shults J, Kalkwarf HJ, Zemel BS, Foerster D, Stokes D, Leonard MB
The Children"s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


CONTEXT: The relationships among cortical volumetric bone mineral density (CortBMD) and comprehensive measures of mineral metabolism have not been addressed in chronic kidney disease (CKD). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify the determinants of CortBMD in childhood CKD. A secondary objective was to assess whether CortBMD was associated with subsequent fracture. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: This prospective cohort study included 171 children, adolescents, and young adults (aged 5-21 years) with CKD stages 2-5D at enrollment and 89 1 year later. OUTCOMES: Serum measures included vitamin D [25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)(2)D), 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D], vitamin D-binding protein, intact PTH, fibroblast growth factor 23, calcium, and phosphorus. Tibia quantitative computed tomography measures of CortBMD were expressed as sex-, race-, and age-specific Z-scores based on 675 controls. Multivariable linear regression identified the independent correlates of CortBMD Z-scores and the change in CortBMD Z-scores. RESULTS: Lower calcium (beta = .31/1 mg/dL, P = .01) and 25(OH)D (beta = .18/10 ng/mL, P = .04) and higher PTH (beta = -.02/10%, P = .002) and 1,25(OH)(2)D (beta = -.07/10%, P < .001) were independently associated with lower CortBMD Z-scores at baseline. The correlations of total, free, and bioavailable 25(OH)D with CortBMD did not differ. Higher baseline 1,25(OH)(2)D (P < .05) and greater increases in PTH (P < .001) were associated with greater declines in CortBMD Z-scores. Greater increases in calcium concentrations were associated with greater increases in CortBMD Z-scores in growing children (interaction P = .009). The hazard ratio for fracture was 1.75 (95% confidence interval 1.15-2.67; P = .009) per SD lower baseline CortBMD. CONCLUSIONS: Greater PTH and 1,25(OH)(2)D and lower calcium concentrations were independently associated with baseline and progressive cortical deficits in childhood CKD. Lower CortBMD Z-score was associated with increased fracture risk.

GID: 4521; Last update: 18.09.2017