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J Biomech, 2019; 88: 18-24, PMID: 30904333

Effects of vibration intensity on lower limb joint moments during standing.

Year: 2019

Yang F, Underdahl M, Yang H, Yang C
Department of Kinesiology and Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA. Electronic address:


Muscle activity and joint moment of the lower limbs can provide different information about the stimulation of controlled whole-body vibration (CWBV) on human body. Previous studies investigated the immediate effects of the intensity of CWBV on enhancing lower-limb muscle activity. However, no study has examined the possible influence of CWBV intensity on joint loading. It remains unexplored how CWBV intensity impacts joint loading. This study was carried out (1) to quantify the effects of CWBV intensity in terms of vibration frequency and amplitude on the lower limb joint moments and (2) to examine the relationship between leg joint moments and vibration intensity characterized by the platform"s acceleration, that is determined by frequency and amplitude, during standing among young adults. Thirty healthy young adults participated in this study. Each participant experienced nine vibration intensity levels dependent upon the frequency (10, 20, and 30Hz) and amplitude (1, 2, and 3mm) while standing on a side-alternating vibration platform. Their body kinematics and vertical reaction forces between the feet and platform were collected. Inverse dynamics was employed to calculate the resultant moment for the ankle, knee, and hip joints in the sagittal plane. Our results revealed that the root-mean-square moment significantly increases with increasing vibration frequency or amplitude for all three joints. Further, all joint moments are strongly and positively correlated with the platform acceleration.

Keywords: Joint Forces
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GID: 4884; Last update: 01.04.2019