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Bone, 2020; 144(): 115801, PMID: 33338664

Abaloparatide treatment increases bone formation, bone density and bone strength without increasing bone resorption in a rat model of hindlimb unloading.

Year: 2020

Teguh DA, Nustad JL, Craven AE, Brooks DJ, Arlt H, Hu D, Baron R, Lanske B, Bouxsein ML
Center for Advanced Orthopaedic Studies, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.


Disuse osteoporosis can result from prolonged bed rest, paralysis, casts, braces, fractures and other conditions. Abaloparatide (ABL) is a PTHrP analog that increases bone density and strength by stimulating osteogenesis with limited effects on bone resorption. We examined skeletal responses to abaloparatide in young adult male rats with normal weight-bearing and with hindlimb unloading via a pelvic harness. Rats were allocated to four groups (10-12 per group): normal weight-bearing plus vehicle treatment (CON-VEH), normal weight-bearing plus ABL treatment (CON-ABL), hindlimb-unloading plus vehicle (HLU-VEH), or hindlimb-unloading plus ABL (HLU-ABL). Rats received ABL (25 mug/kg/day, s.c.) or vehicle throughout the 28-day unloading period and were then sacrificed, at which time HLU-VEH rats exhibited reduced bone formation and significant deficits in tibial, femoral, and vertebral bone mass compared with CON-VEH. ABL treatment increased serum osteocalcin in CON and HLU animals while having no effect on the osteoclast marker TRACP-5b. Longitudinal peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) indicated that ABL increased trabecular and cortical bone mass in the tibia. ABL was also associated with improved trabecular and cortical bone mass and architectural parameters at the femur, tibia, and vertebrae by muCT. Tibial histomorphometry indicated increased trabecular and endocortical bone formation with HLU-ABL versus HLU-VEH and with CON-ABL versus CON-VEH, and ABL was also associated with lower trabecular and endocortical osteoclast surfaces. Vertebral finite element analysis indicated higher ultimate load and stiffness for CON-ABL versus CON-VEH and for HLU-ABL versus HLU-VEH. In summary, ABL was associated with improved trabecular and cortical bone density and architecture in normal weight-bearing and hindlimb-unloaded rats, with higher bone formation and no difference in bone resorption. ABL was also associated with improved bone biomechanical parameters. These results provide rationale for investigating the ability of abaloparatide to prevent or treat disuse osteoporosis in humans.

GID: 5266; Last update: 11.01.2021