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J Bone Miner Res, 2022; 37(12): 2456-2465, PMID: 36239015

Bone Mass, Density, Geometry and Stress-Strain Index in Adults with Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type I, and their Associations with Physical Activity and Muscle Function Parameters.

Year: 2022

Coussens M, Lapauw B, Verroken C, Goemaere S, De Wandele I, Malfait F, Banica T, Calders P
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.


Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous heritable connective tissue disorder mainly characterized by bone fragility and increased fracture risk. This study investigated bone parameters in adults with OI type I, and their relationship with physical activity and muscle function parameters in comparison with controls. A total of 27 (15 women, 12 men) adults with OI type I and 27 healthy age- and sex-matched controls, with mean age 45 years (range 18-72), were included. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography was performed at the lower leg and forearm to assess muscle density, muscle and fat cross-sectional area (CSA) (66% site), and trabecular (4% site) and cortical bone parameters (66% site) at radius and tibia. Physical activity (step count and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity or MVPA) was assessed by accelerometry, muscle function parameters by Leonardo mechanography (single two-legged jump - peak power) and hand grip dynamometry (maximal hand grip strength). Overall, the OI type I group had significantly lower muscle CSA at the lower leg and forearm, lower trabecular and cortical bone mineral content, lower polar stress-strain index (SSIp), smaller cortices, but higher cortical bone mineral density, and lower step count and MVPA in comparison with controls. Maximal hand grip strength was positively associated with SSIp at radius (p=0.012) in the control group, but not in the OI type I group (p=0.338) (difference in associations: p=0.012). No other significantly different associations between bone and muscle function parameters or physical activity (step count or MVPA) were found in the OI type I versus control group. We conclude that adults with OI type I have smaller bones, lower trabecular bone mass, lower estimates of bone strength, and higher cortical density in comparison with controls and that there are some indications of a disturbed biomechanical muscle-bone relationship in adults with OI type I. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

GID: 5808; Last update: 18.10.2022