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J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact, 2022; 22(4): 514-523, PMID: 36458389

Accelerometer-based osteogenic indices, moderate-to-vigorous and vigorous physical activity, and bone traits in adolescents.

Year: 2022

Haapala EA, Rantalainen T, Hesketh KD, Rodda CP, Duckham RL
Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland.


OBJECTIVES: We investigated the associations of accelerometry-derived osteogenic indices (OIs), moderate-to-vigorous (MVPA), and vigorous intensity physical activity (VPA) with peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pCQT) parameters in 99 adolescents aged 10-13 years. METHODS: Bone parameters were assessed at the distal (4%) and shaft (66%) of the tibia using pQCT. Accelerometers were worn on the right hip for 7 consecutive days. OIs were calculated based on acceleration peak histograms either using all of the peaks (OI) or peaks with acceleration >/=5.2 g (HOI). MVPA and VPA were defined using previously published cut-points. RESULTS: HOI was positively associated with total area (Partial correlation= 0.22, 95% CI=0.01 to 0.41), cortical area (CoA) (0.33, 95% CI=0.13 to 0.50), and stress strain index (SSI) (0.29, 95% CI=0.09 to 0.47) of tibial shaft and with total density at the distal tibia (0.23, 95% CI=0.02 to 0.42). OI was positively associated with CoA (0.31, 95% CI=0.11 to 0.49) and SSI (0.26, 95% CI=0.05 to 0.44) of tibial shaft. MVPA was positively associated with CoA (0.28, 95% CI=0.07 to 0.46) of the tibial shaft. CONCLUSIONS: OI and HOI were positively associated with pQCT parameters while MVPA and VPA demonstrated less consistent associations with them.

GID: 5851; Last update: 05.12.2022