To use our website in an optimal way, please activate JavaScript in your Browser.

J Bone Miner Metab, 2023; 41(1): 131-142, PMID: 36550385

Peripheral quantitative computed tomography-derived bone parameters in men with impaired fasting glucose and diabetes.

Year: 2023

Holloway-Kew KL, Anderson KB, Tembo MC, Sui SX, Harland JW, Hyde NK, Kotowicz MA, Pasco JA
IMPACT-the Institute for Mental and Physical Health and Clinical Translation, School of Medicine, Deakin University, Level 3 (Barwon Health), PO Box 281, Geelong, , VIC, 3220, Australia.


INTRODUCTION: Individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are at higher risk of fracture, but paradoxically do not have reduced bone mineral density. We investigated associations between peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) and glycaemia status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were men (n = 354, age 33-92 year) from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study. Diabetes was defined by fasting plasma glucose (FPG) >/= 7.0 mmol/L, self-report of diabetes and/or antihyperglycaemic medication use and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) as FPG 5.6-6.9 mmol/L. Bone measures were derived using pQCT (XCT2000) at 4% and 66% radial and tibial sites. Linear regression was used, adjusting for age, body mass index and socio-economic status. RESULTS: At the 4% site, men with T2DM had lower adjusted bone total area, trabecular area and cortical area at the radius (all - 6.2%) and tibia (all - 6.4%) compared to normoglycaemia. Cortical density was higher for T2DM at the radius (+ 5.8%) and tibia (+ 8.0%), as well as adjusted total bone density at the tibial site (+ 6.1%). At the 66% site, adjusted total bone area and polar stress strain index were lower for T2DM at the radius (- 4.3% and - 8.0%). Total density was also higher for T2DM (+ 1.2%). Only cortical density at the 4% tibial site was different between IFG and normoglycaemia in adjusted analyses (+ 4.5%). CONCLUSION: Men with T2DM had lower total bone area, trabecular area, cortical area and polar stress strain index than the other two groups; however, total density and cortical density were higher. Only one difference was observed between IFG and normoglycaemia; increased tibial cortical density.

GID: 5878; Last update: 17.01.2023