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Calcif Tissue Int., 2008; 83(4): 276-84, PMID: 18820962

Fracture healing in mice deficient in plasminogen activator inhibitor-1

Jahr: 2008

Rundle CH, Wang X, Wergedal JE, Mohan S, Lau KH
Musculoskeletal Disease Center, Jerry L. Pettis Memorial Veterans Administration Medical Center, 11201 Benton Street, Loma Linda, CA, 92357, USA.


To evaluate the role of plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1, a key negative regulator of the plasmin system of extracellular matrix proteases in developmental bone growth and fracture repair, the bone phenotype of male adult PAI-1-deficient mice was determined and femoral fracture healing was compared with that of age- and sex-matched wild-type C57BL/6J control mice. Regarding bone phenotype, the length and size (but not cortical thickness) of the femur of male PAI-1-deficient mice were smaller than those of wild-type controls. Although the total bone mineral content of PAI-1-deficient mice was not significantly different from that of wild-type mice, the total bone area in PAI-1-deficient mice was smaller, leading to an increase in total bone mineral density. With respect to fracture healing, PAI-1-deficient mice developed fracture calluses that were larger and more mineralized than those of wild-type mice but only at 14 days postfracture. These changes were even greater given the smaller size of the normal femur in PAI-1-deficient mice. Surprisingly, the larger fracture callus remodeled rapidly to normal size and mineral content by 21 days postfracture. Examination of fracture histology revealed that these changes were associated with a dramatic increase followed by a rapid remodeling of the fracture callus cartilage. The remodeling of fracture callus cartilage in PAI-1-deficient mice also displayed an abnormal pattern. These findings demonstrate for the first time that PAI-1 (and potentially the plasminogen extracellular matrix protease system) is an important regulator of bone size during developmental growth and plays a regulatory role in the determination of fracture callus size, cartilage formation, and resorption during bone fracture repair.

GID: 1646; Letzte Änderung: 24.11.2008