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Eur J Appl Physiol, 2015; 115(8): 1605-25, PMID: 26037127

Small and inconsistent effects of whole body vibration on athletic performance: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Jahr: 2015

Hortobagyi T, Lesinski M, Fernandez-Del-Olmo M, Granacher U
Center for Human, Movement Sciences, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, A. Deusinglaan 1, 9700 AD, Groningen, The Netherlands, t.hortobagyi@umcg.nl.

Abstract

PURPOSE: We quantified the acute and chronic effects of whole body vibration on athletic performance or its proxy measures in competitive and/or elite athletes. METHODS: Systematic literature review and meta-analysis. RESULTS: Whole body vibration combined with exercise had an overall 0.3 % acute effect on maximal voluntary leg force (-6.4 %, effect size = -0.43, 1 study), leg power (4.7 %, weighted mean effect size = 0.30, 6 studies), flexibility (4.6 %, effect size = -0.12 to 0.22, 2 studies), and athletic performance (-1.9 %, weighted mean effect size = 0.26, 6 studies) in 191 (103 male, 88 female) athletes representing eight sports (overall effect size = 0.28). Whole body vibration combined with exercise had an overall 10.2 % chronic effect on maximal voluntary leg force (14.6 %, weighted mean effect size = 0.44, 5 studies), leg power (10.7 %, weighted mean effect size = 0.42, 9 studies), flexibility (16.5 %, effect size = 0.57 to 0.61, 2 studies), and athletic performance (-1.2 %, weighted mean effect size = 0.45, 5 studies) in 437 (169 male, 268 female) athletes (overall effect size = 0.44). CONCLUSIONS: Whole body vibration has small and inconsistent acute and chronic effects on athletic performance in competitive and/or elite athletes. These findings lead to the hypothesis that neuromuscular adaptive processes following whole body vibration are not specific enough to enhance athletic performance. Thus, other types of exercise programs (e.g., resistance training) are recommended if the goal is to improve athletic performance.

Schlagworte: Metaanalysis
GID: 3882; Letzte Änderung: 17.06.2015