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J Electromyogr Kinesiol, 2017; 37: 147-154, PMID: 29102877

Different fatigue-resistant leg muscles and EMG response during whole-body vibration.

Jahr: 2017

Simsek D
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sport Teaching, Anadolu University, Eskisehir 26470, Turkey. Electronic address: ds@anadolu.edu.tr.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of static whole-body vibration (WBV) on the Electromyograhic (EMG) responses of leg muscles, which are fatigue-resistant in different manner. The study population was divided into two groups according to the values obtained by the Fatigue Index [Group I: Less Fatigue Resistant (LFR), n=11; Group II: More Fatigue Resistant (MFR), n=11]. The repeated electromyographic (EMG) activities of four leg muscles were analyzed the following determinants: (1) frequency (30 Hz, 35 Hz and 40 Hz); (2) stance position (static squat position); (3) amplitude (2 mm and 4 mm) and (4) knee flexion angle (120 degrees ), (5) vertical vibration platform. Vibration data were analyzed using Minitab 16 (Minitab Ltd, State College, PA, USA). The significance level was set at p<.05. The study results showed that static WBV stimuli given at different frequencies and amplitudes resulted in a significant increase (p<.05) in compared, the LFR group showed significantly (1) higher rates of quadriceps femoris and hamstring muscle fatigue (p<.05), (2) higher levels of knee extensor and flexor torque (p<.05) and (3) higher percentage increases in EMG activation at higher frequencies (max at 40 Hz) and amplitudes (4 mm) (p<.05). The present study can be used for the optimal prescription of vibration exercise and can serve to guide the development of training programs.

GID: 4550; Letzte Änderung: 06.11.2017