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BMC Cancer, 2018; 18(920): , PMID: 30253746

Feasibility of whole body vibration during intensive chemotherapy in patients with hematological malignancies - a randomized controlled pilot study.

Jahr: 2018

Pahl A, Wehrle A, Kneis S, Gollhofer A, Bertz H
Department of Medicine I (Specialties: Hematology, Oncology, and Stem-Cell Transplantation), Faculty of Medicine, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Hugstetterstr. 55, 79106, Freiburg, Germany. antonia.pahl@uniklinik-freiburg.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hospitalized cancer patients undergoing intensive or high-dose chemotherapy often experience a considerable decline in functional performance associated with the increased risk of adverse health events. Exercises, particularly resistance-based exercises that may counteract this decline are restricted by therapy-related side effects. Since whole body vibration (WBV) is known to efficiently stimulate the neuromuscular system without significantly raising blood pressure, we hypothesize that especially WBV is particularly feasible even during intensive or high-dose chemotherapy (primary endpoint) and thus induces beneficial functional adaptations. METHODS: Twenty hospitalized patients with hematological malignancies scheduled for intensive or high-dose chemotherapy were randomly allocated to an intervention group (IG) undergoing WBV, or an active control group (CG) cycling. Feasibility was determined by comparing the IG"s and CG"s training compliance. Furthermore, to assess feasibility, WBV-induced changes in chemotherapy-related side effects, blood pressure, and heart rate immediately after exercising were documented. To assess patients" functional performance, we measured jump height (cm), the duration (sec) of performing the chair rising- (CRT) and timed-up-and-go test (TUG), maximum power output during jumping and CRT (watt/kg) as well as sway path (mm) during balance tasks. RESULTS: Training compliance was similar between groups (IG: median 62%, range 39-77; CG: 67%, 58-100; p = 0.315). Moreover, we observed neither the IG"s reported side effects worsening, nor any increase in blood pressure after WBV. IG"s jump height (+ 2.3 cm, 95%CI 0.1-4.4, p = 0.028) and TUG performance (- 1.3 s, 95%CI -2.53 - -0.65, p = 0.027) improved significantly, while sway paths in semi-tandem stance were augmented after the intervention (eyes open: + 60 mm, 95%CI 2-236, p = 0.046; eyes closed: + 88 mm, 95%CI 49-214, p = 0.028). The CG"s performances did not change over time. Maximum power output during CMJ and CRT and time during CRT did not change. CONCLUSION: Our study is the first proving the feasibility of WBV during intensive/high-dose chemotherapy of hospitalized cancer patients. Additionally, WBV-induced neuromuscular adaptations resulted in functional benefits relevant to patients" autonomy. We believe that WBV can be implemented as an alternative training method during intensive chemotherapy, although the relative benefit compared to conventional resistance training requires more evaluation in future studies. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Register of Clinical Trials No.: DRKS00004338 , prospectively registered on 11/30/2012.

Schlagworte: Onkologoie, Cancer
GID: 4774; Letzte Änderung: 15.10.2018
Weitere Informationen: Original Article