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J Craniomaxillofac Surg., 2006; 34(5): 270-6, PMID: 16790354

Effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) on bone consolidation on distraction osteogenesis: a preliminary study in rabbit mandibles

Jahr: 2006

Yonezawa H, Harada K, Ikebe T, Shinohara M, Enomoto S
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sensory and Motor Organ Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan.


AIM: To examine the effectiveness of administering recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in distraction osteogenesis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-one mature male Japanese white rabbits underwent unilateral mandibular osteotomy. After 5 days, the osteotomized mandibles were distracted 1mm/day for 10 days. On the first day (groups A-1 [n=4] and A-2 [n=4]) or on the last day (group B [n=5]) of distraction, rhBMP-2 mixed with collagen gel was injected into the distraction zone. In control groups (groups C-1 [n=4] and C-2 [n=4]), the mandibles were distracted without rhBMP-2 injection. At the end of the distraction period (groups A-1 and C-1) and after 2 weeks of consolidation (groups A-2, B, and C-2), the distracted mandibles were harvested and examined with soft radiographs, peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT), and microscopy. RESULTS: Radioopacity was more marked in the distraction zone of the groups with rhBMP-2 than in control groups. The mineral density of the cortical bone (BMD) was higher in groups B and A-2 than in group C-2. Histologically, bone formation was more advanced in groups A-2 and B than in group C-2. The cortical BMD was higher in group A-1 than in group C-1. Histologically, bone formation was more advanced in groups A-2 and B than in group C-2. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that rhBMP-2 promotes bone formation in distraction osteogenesis.

GID: 938; Letzte Änderung: 24.01.2008