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J Adolesc Health, 2019; 64(3): 305-310, PMID: 30819332

Long-term Outcomes of Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa on Bone.

Year: 2019

Mumford J, Kohn M, Briody J, Miskovic-Wheatley J, Madden S, Clarke S, Biggin A, Schindeler A, Munns C
Eating Disorder Service, Sydney Children"s Hospital Network, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia; School of Rural Medicine, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia.


PURPOSE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a chronic and life-threatening eating disorder that can have a considerable negative impact on the growing skeleton. We hypothesized that the long-term impact on bone health may persist even after normalization of body weight. METHODS: 41 females (mean age 21.2 +/- 2.9 years) with a history of adolescent-onset AN attended a follow-up bone health assessment at 5 years (T5, n=28) or 10 years (T10, n=13) after their first AN-related hospital admission. Assessment included dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry measurements of the total body, lumbar spine, and proximal femur, peripheral quantitative computed tomography at the radius and tibia, anthropometric measurements, serum biochemistry, fracture history, and a patient questionnaire. RESULTS: A recovery in body weight and BMI was seen for both the T5 and T10 cohorts (BMI at intake 16.6, BMI at T5-T10 21.2-21.3). Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry body composition indicated a recovery of fat mass and lean tissue mass. Total BMD was unaffected, but reductions were seen at the femoral neck and arms. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography showed reduced trabecular and cortical bone in the radius, and cortical thinning in the tibia. AN patients showed a statistically significant reduction in measures of radiographic bone health at follow up, although not to a degree that necessitated clinical intervention. Serum insulin-like growth factor 1 was also positively correlated with total BMD and BMC measures. While fracture risk was not increased, a subset of participants (8%) showed multiple (>4) fractures. CONCLUSION: A longitudinal study of adolescent AN showed persisting negative effects on bone health.

GID: 4867; Last update: 04.03.2019