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Calcif Tissue Int, 2020; 106(5): 106(5):494-508, PMID: 32025752

Sclerostin-Antibody Treatment Decreases Fracture Rates in Axial Skeleton and Improves the Skeletal Phenotype in Growing oim/oim Mice.

Year: 2020

Cardinal M, Dessain A, Roels T, Lafont S, Ominsky MS, Devogelaer JP, Chappard D, Mabilleau G, Ammann P, Nyssen-Behets C, Manicourt DH
Pole of Morphology, Institut de Recherche Experimentale et Clinique, UCLouvain, 52 Avenue Mounier - B1.52.04, 1200, Brussels, Belgium.


In osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), vertebrae brittleness causes thorax deformations and leads to cardiopulmonary failure. As sclerostin-neutralizing antibodies increase bone mass and strength in animal models of osteoporosis, their administration in two murine models of severe OI enhanced the strength of vertebrae in growing female Crtap(-/-) mice but not in growing male Col1a1(Jrt/+) mice. However, these two studies ignored the impact of antibodies on spine growth, fracture rates, and compressive mechanical properties. Here, we conducted a randomized controlled trial in oim/oim mice, an established model of human severe OI type III due to a mutation in Col1a2. Five-week-old female WT and oim/oim mice received either PBS or sclerostin antibody (Scl-Ab) for 9 weeks. Analyses included radiography, histomorphometry, pQCT, microcomputed tomography, and biomechanical testing. Though it did not modify vertebral axial growth, Scl-Ab treatment markedly reduced the fracture prevalence in the pelvis and caudal vertebrae, enhanced osteoblast activity (L4), increased cervico-sacral spine BMD, and improved the lumbosacral spine bone cross-sectional area. Scl-Ab did not impact vertebral height and body size but enhanced the cortical thickness and trabecular bone volume significantly in the two Scl-Ab groups. At lumbar vertebrae and tibial metaphysis, the absolute increase in cortical and trabecular bone mass was higher in Scl-Ab WT than in Scl-Ab oim/oim. The effects on trabecular bone mass were mainly due to changes in trabecular number at vertebrae and in trabecular thickness at metaphyses. Additionally, Scl-Ab did not restore a standard trabecular network, but improved bone compressive ultimate load with more robust effects at vertebrae than at metaphysis. Overall, Scl-Ab treatment may be beneficial for reducing vertebral fractures and spine deformities in patients with severe OI.

GID: 5041; Last update: 11.02.2020