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J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab, 2020; 33(5): 623-630, PMID: 32229668

Effects of whole-body vibration training on bone density and turnover markers in adolescent swimmers.

Year: 2020

Marin-Puyalto J, Gomez-Cabello A, Gonzalez-Aguero A, Matute-Llorente A, Gomez-Bruton A, Jurimae J, Casajus JA, Vicente-Rodriguez G
GENUD (Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development) Research Group, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.


Background Whole-body vibration training has recently been proposed as a complementary training modality to improve the bone health of adolescent swimmers. However, there is no longitudinal study regarding the effects of this training combination on bone metabolism. Therefore, the main goal was to analyze the effects of swimming and vibration training on bone turnover markers during adolescence. Methods The present study included 68 adolescent swimmers and 41 normoactive controls (CON). Swimmers were randomly selected to either continue with their regular swimming training (SWI) or participate in an additional vibration protocol (VIB). Anthropometric measurements and serum level determinations of osteocalcin (OC), procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide (P1NP) and C-terminal telopeptide crosslaps (CTX) were performed before and after the 6-month intervention. Results Statistically significant group by time interactions were found for both bone formation markers. VIB showed a decrease over time in OC (baseline: 101.4 mug/mL, follow-up: 82.8 mug/mL, p < 0.05) and P1NP (baseline: 528.4 mug/mL, follow-up: 389.0 mug/mL, p < 0.05) and SWI had analogous reductions in P1NP (baseline: 685.8 mug/mL, follow-up: 542.0 mug/mL, p < 0.05), whereas CON experienced an increase in OC levels (baseline: 94.4 mug/mL, follow-up: 103.4 mug/mL, p < 0.05). After stratifying the sample according to the pubertal status, similar interactions were observed. Conclusions The combination of swimming training and this particular vibration protocol led to a decrease in bone formation markers, especially during early puberty. Whole-body vibration might not induce an osteogenic stimulus in adolescent swimmers.

GID: 5089; Last update: 06.04.2020