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J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact., 2008; 8(3): 239-43, PMID: 18799856

Muscle-bone relationships in the lower leg of healthy pre-pubertal females and males

Year: 2008

Binkley TL, Specker BL
Ethel Austin Martin Program in Human Nutrition, South Dakota State University, Bookings, SD, USA.


Muscle-bone relationships in healthy pre-pubertal children were investigated using four muscle measures as predictors of tibial strength: 66% tibia cross-sectional muscle area (CSMA) by pQCT; leg lean mass (LLM) by DXA; and muscle power (Power) and force (Force) measured during a two-footed jump. Polar strength strain index (pSSI), a calculated surrogate for bone strength at the 20% distal tibia, was obtained on 105 (54 male) self-assessed pre-pubertal children. The amount of muscle (CSMA, LLM) may influence bone strength more than muscle strength (Power, Force) during periods of rapid growth. Correlations and multiple regression partial-R values from models controlling for age, sex, height and weight were obtained for each muscle predictor. CSMA, LLM, Power and Force were positively correlated with pSSI (R=0.84, 0.92, 0.85; 0.66, respectively, all p<0.01). Partial-R values were highest for LLM (partial-R=0.21), similar for CSMA and Power (0.14, 0.15, respectively) and lowest for Force (0.04) in predicting pSSI. Muscle predictors were associated with total and cortical area (R=0.59 to 0.90; p<0.01 for all), but not cortical vBMD at the 20% distal tibia site. These data support relationships between muscle predictors and bone parameters measured by pQCT in healthy pre-pubertal children.

Keywords: Muscle-bone, Pre-pubertal, pQCT, Cross-sectional Muscle Area, Bone Strength
GID: 1690; Last update: 21.01.2009
More information: Original Article