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Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon), 2020; (): 105235, PMID: 33221052

Acute effect of whole-body vibration on acceleration transmission and jumping performance in children.

Year: 2020

Beerse M, Lelko M, Wu J
Department of Health and Sport Science, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH, USA.


BACKGROUND: Whole-body vibration (WBV) has emerged as a potential intervention paradigm for improving motor function and bone growth in children with disabilities. However, most evidence comes from adult studies. It is critical to understand the mechanisms of children with and without disabilities responding to different WBV conditions. This study aimed to systematically investigate the acute biomechanical and neuromuscular response in typically developing children aged 6-11 years to varying WBV frequencies and amplitudes. METHODS: Seventeen subjects participated in this study (mean age 8.7 years, 10 M/7F). A total of six side-alternating WBV conditions combining three frequencies (20, 25, and 30 Hz) and two amplitudes (1 and 2 mm) were randomly presented for one minute. We estimated transmission of vertical acceleration across body segments during WBV as the average rectified acceleration of motion capture markers, as well as lower-body muscle activation using electromyography. Following WBV, subjects performed countermovement jumps to assess neuromuscular facilitation. FINDINGS: Vertical acceleration decreased from the ankle to the head across all conditions, with the greatest damping occurring from the ankle to the knee. Acceleration transmission was lower at the high amplitude than at the low amplitude across body segments, and the knee decreased acceleration transmission with increasing frequency. In addition, muscle activation generally increased with frequency during WBV. There were no changes in jump height or muscle activation following WBV. INTERPRETATION: WBV is most likely a safe intervention paradigm for typically developing children. Appropriate WBV intervention design for children with and without disabilities should consider WBV frequency and amplitude.

GID: 5234; Last update: 24.11.2020