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PLoS One, 2022; 17(7):e0270698,: , PMID: 35816473

Six weeks of whole-body vibration improves fine motor accuracy, functional mobility and quality of life in people with multiple sclerosis

Year: 2022

Krause A, Lee K, König D, Faist M, Freyler K,Gollhofer A, Ritzmann R
1 Department of Sport Science, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany, 2 Institute of Training and Computer Science, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany, 3 Department of Sport Science and the Department of Nutritional Sciences, Universi


People with multiple sclerosis (MS) suffer from sensorimotor deficits with the distal extremities being more severely affected than proximal ones. Whole-body vibration (WBV) training is known to enhance voluntary activation and coordination in healthy people. However, evidence about beneficial effects of WBV in MS patients is scarce. The current study aimed to investigate if six weeks of WBV enhances motor function in the ankle joint, coordination and quality of life in patients suffering from severe MS. In a longitudinal design, changes in motor function and quality of life were assessed before and after a 6-week control period without a training (CON) and a 6-week WBV training (2-3x/week) in 15 patients (53 ±10 years) with advanced MS (EDSS 3–6.5). Before CON (t0), after CON (t1) and after WBV(t2), outcome measures included (1) active range of motion (aROM) and (2) motor accuracy at the ankle joint, (3) functional mobility (Timed “Up & Go” test with preferred and non-preferred turns) and (4) physical and psychological impact of MS (MSIS-29 questionnaire). For (1) and (2), the stronger (SL) and the weaker leg (WL) were compared. After WBV, aROM (1) did not change (SL p = 0.26, WL p = 0.10), but was diminished after CON (SL -10% p = 0.06, WL -14% p = 0.03) with significant group differences (?group WL p = 0.02). Motor accuracy in SL (2) was improved during dorsal flexion after WBV (p = 0.01, ?group p = 0.04) and deteriorated during plantar flexion after CON (p = 0.01, ?group p = 0.04). Additionally, participants (3) improved their functional mobility at the preferred turn (p = 0.04) and (4) ranked their quality of life higher solely after WBV (p = 0.05), without any differences between groups. However, values correlated significantly between angular precision and aROM as well as functional mobility. No further changes occurred. The results point towards an interception of degenerating mono-articular mobility and improvement of accuracy in the ankle joint. The motor effects after WBV are in line with enhanced perception of quality of life after six weeks which is why WBV could be a stimulus to enable greater overall autonomy in MS patients.

Keywords: MS
GID: 5742; Last update: 19.07.2022
More information: Original Article