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PLoS One, 2022; 17(12): e0278637, PMID: 36473014

Effect of whole-body vibration on neuromuscular activation and explosive power of lower limb: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Year: 2022

Wang Z, Wei Z, Li X, Lai Z, Wang L
School of Kinesiology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China.


OBJECTIVE: The review aimed to investigate the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) on neuromuscular activation and explosive power. METHODS: Keywords related to whole-body vibration, neuromuscular activation and explosive power were used to search four databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar and EBSCO-MEDLINE) for relevant studies published between January 2000 and August 2021. The methodology of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses was used. The eligibility criteria for the meta-analysis were based on PICOST principles. Methodological assessment used the Cochrane scale. Heterogeneity and publication bias were assessed by I2 index and funnel plots, respectively. The WBV training cycle is a random effect model. Publication bias was also assessed based on funnel plots. This study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42021279439). RESULTS: A total of 156 participants data in 18 studies met the criteria and were included in the meta-analysis for quantitative synthesis. Results of the meta-analysis showed significant improvements in lower limb neuromuscular activation immediately after WBV compared with the baseline (SMD = 0.51; 95% CI: 0.26, 0.76; p<0.001), and no significant heterogeneity was observed (I2 = 38%, p = 0.07). In addition, the highest increase in lower limb explosive power was observed (SMD = 0.32; 95% CI: 0.11, 0.52; p = 0.002), and no significant heterogeneity (I2 = 0%, p = 0.80) was noted. CONCLUSIONS: WBV training could improve neuromuscular activation and explosive power of the lower limb. However, due to different vibration conditions, further research should be conducted to determine standardized protocols targeting performance improvement in athletes and healthy personnel experienced in training.

Keywords: Metaanalysis
GID: 5861; Last update: 13.12.2022
More information: Original Article