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Selection of the appropriate frequency for Galileo® Training

Regardless of the training frequency, microcirculation and blood flow can be significantly improved within the trained body parts. Flexibility and thus the energy storage capacity in the muscle-tendon complex can be increased. The training frequency also has direct impact on the effect of Galileo Training and must be chosen according to the training objective of the individual exercise. It should be noted that the information listed below may vary by a few Hertz individually, depending on the fitness level of the user.

Depending on the used frequency range the muscle or the body responds in different ways. The following three frequency ranges of Galileo Training are therefore not arbitrary chosen but are defined as a result of muscle physiology (biological and mechanical properties of muscle) and its neuronal control.

Intermediate frequencies (ca. 12–20 Hertz)

Training focus at intermediate frequencies, 12 to 20 Hz (cycles per second) is muscle function as such.

At a training frequency of 15 Hertz, for example, the time between two reflex cycles is about 67 milliseconds. After the contraction the remaining time is sufficient for the muscle to completely relax again before the next contraction because the average time for a complete physiological contraction-/relaxation cycle is only about 50 milliseconds. This is particularly important if the basic functions of the muscle, namely contraction, relaxation and coordination are targeted. Due to the large number of repetitions (e.g. 3 minutes Galileo Training at 18 Hertz corresponds to 3240 cycles) improvement of muscle function can be achieved much faster than with most conventional training methods. Also crucial, is the fact that muscle activity during Galileo Training in this frequency range is not mainly consciously controlled but, rather, is dominantly based on reflexes and therefore mainly unaffected by the user's volition. This ensures that the control loops consisting of muscle -ligaments - tendons - cartilage - nerves can be improved independently. At the same time almost the entire chain of muscles and therefore their coordination is always trained. Essential for this coordination effect with Galileo Training is that the muscle-chain is stimulated in physiologically meaningful patterns similar to human gait. For these reasons this type of stimulation is also called mechnao-stimulation.


  • Improvement of muscle function and coordination
  • Muscle relaxation
  • Stretching of muscles and tendons
  • Relaxation of muscles of the back muscles
  • Fascia training
  • 12-14Hz: Muscle relaxation, reduction of delayed muscle pain

High frequencies (ca. 20–40 Hertz)

For Galileo Training high frequencies between 20 and 40 Hz are used mainly to improve muscle power and muscle force.

At high frequencies muscles do not have enough time for a complete relaxation between two cycles. Rather, the muscle is forced into re-contraction when it is just about to relax or has relaxed partially. As a result an increasing number of muscle fibers/motoric units neet to be recruited, which causes increased muscle contraction. At the same time inter- and intramuscular coordination (specifically at larger forces and within a very short time span) can be trained, which consequently can increased muscle power. Elite athletes, using the Galileo Training have shown that frequencies above 35 Hz can be useful for athletes. In many other cases a maximum frequency of 30 to 33 Hz is sufficient for most users. However very sportive individuals and especailly athletes can profit from frequencies of up to 36Hz or 40Hz respectively.


  • Improvement of muscle tone
  • Increase of muscle power (energetic exhaustion)
  • Increase of muscle force
  • Increase of endurance capacity
  • Fascia training

Low frequencies (ca. 5–12 Hertz)

Low frequencies between 5 and 12 Hz are used for mobilisation.

At low frequencies the motion of the Galileo Training platform is not fast enough to dominantly trigger stretch reflexes. Low frequencies result mainly in more conscious compensation of the tilting movement of the platform and are therefore especially training mobilisation as well as balance an proprioception. They are characterised by significantly increased movement of the hip.


  • Tension relief / muscle relaxation, "Cool-Down"
  • Proprioception training
  • Balance training
 A comprehensive literature list you can find here as well as in our Galileo Research fact Sheets.