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Endocrinology., 2005; 146(6): 2620-8, PMID: 15718274

Insulin receptor substrate-1 is required for bone anabolic function of parathyroid hormone in mice

Year: 2005

Yamaguchi M, Ogata N, Shinoda Y, Akune T, Kamekura S, Terauchi Y, Kadowaki T, Hoshi K, Chung UI, Nakamura K, Kawaguchi H
Department of Sensory and Motor System Medicine, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan.


Bone anabolic action of PTH has been suggested to be mediated by induction of IGF-I in osteoblasts; however, little is known about the molecular mechanism by which IGF-I leads to bone formation under the PTH stimulation. This study initially confirmed in mouse osteoblast cultures that PTH treatment increased IGF-I mRNA and protein levels and alkaline phosphatase activity, which were accompanied by phosphorylations of IGF-I receptor, insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 and IRS-2, essential adaptor molecules for the IGF-I signaling. To learn the involvement of IRS-1 and IRS-2 in the bone anabolic action of PTH in vivo, IRS-1-/- and IRS-2-/- mice and their respective wild-type littermates were given daily injections of PTH (80 mug/kg) or vehicle for 4 wk. In the wild-type mice, the PTH injection increased bone mineral densities of the femur, tibia, and vertebrae by 10-20% without altering the serum IGF-I level. These stimulations were similarly seen in IRS-2-/- mice; however, they were markedly suppressed in IRS-1-/- mice. Although the PTH anabolic effects were stronger on trabecular bones than on cortical bones, the stimulations on both bones were blocked in IRS-1-/- mice but not in IRS-2-/- mice. Histomorphometric and biochemical analyses showed an increased bone turnover by PTH, which was also blunted by the IRS-1 deficiency, though not by the IRS-2 deficiency. These results indicate that the PTH bone anabolic action is mediated by the activation of IRS-1, but not IRS-2, as a downstream signaling of IGF-I that acts locally as an autocrine/paracrine factor.

GID: 873; Last update: 22.01.2008