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Bone., 2004; 35(5): 1136-43, PMID: 15542039

Effects of vitamin K2 (menatetrenone) and alendronate on bone mineral density and bone strength in rats fed a low-magnesium diet

Year: 2004

Kobayashi M, Hara K, Akiyama Y
Pharmacological Evaluation Section, Department of Applied Drug Research, Eisai Co., Ltd., Bunkyo, Tokyo 112-8088, Japan.


In this study, we examined changes in bone parameters and bone strength in rats fed low-Mg diets (experiment 1) and the effects of vitamin K2 (MK-4, experiment 3) and alendronate (ALN, experiment 2) in this model. In experiment 1, 5-week-old male Wistar rats were fed three low-Mg diets (Mg 9, 6, 3 mg/100 g diet) for 4 weeks. Although the cortical bone mineral content (CtBMC) and cortical thickness (CtTh) of the femoral diaphysis in all low-Mg-diet groups were the same as or greater than those in the intact group (Mg: 90 mg/100 g diet), the maximum load and elastic modulus were significantly reduced in the 3-mg-Mg group. In experiment 2, 4-week-old Wistar rats were fed a 6-mg-Mg diet for 8 weeks, and the effect of ALN (2, 20, and 200 microg/kg twice a week) was evaluated. The administration of ALN at 200 microg/kg increased the cortical bone mineral content (CtBMC), CtTh, and maximum load, but had no effect on the elastic modulus, as compared with the low-Mg-control group. In experiment 3, the effect of MK-4 was evaluated under the same conditions as in experiment 2. The administration of MK-4 had no effect on CtBMC, CtTh, or bone components of the femoral diaphysis. However, MK-4 inhibited the decreases in maximum load and elastic modulus due to the low-Mg diet. Since there is no other experimental model in which there is a decrease in bone mechanical properties without a decrease in bone mineral content, the low-Mg diet model is considered to be an excellent model for examining bone quality. Our results from this model suggest that MK-4 and ALN affect bone mechanical properties by different mechanisms.

GID: 874; Last update: 22.01.2008